This small specialist softback will introduce many to the little-known subject of mycology and its members, for whom it was written and is dedicated. Others interested in fungi will acquire a title of great interest and absorbing information, while still others – who may have picked it up thinking it would guide them to the best mushrooms for gourmet dining – will be somewhat disappointed by the limited space allotted to edible fungi.
This second edition of Mushrooms of South Africa, which appears 11 years after the first includes information provided by amateur enthusiasts and photographers, gratefully received, seeing that of the more than 170 000 fungal species found in South Africa, as few as five per cent have as yet been named or classified.
The author’s answer to her question What is a mushroom? is detailed, but basically the mushroom we see is just the visible spore-producing part of a fungus. Fungi were thought to be plants but scientists today say they cannot be classified as such but belong in a separate taxonomical kingdom, and are actually closer to insects than plants.
While some edible mushrooms are identified, the information on poisonous ones is detailed – both those that can be fatal if ingested unless prompt treatment is received and those that cause hallucinations through their effect on the central nervous system. These, too, can be lethal if taken in large quantities – well illustrated by a photograph of a pretty red and white spotted toadstool, of the kind you see favoured by elves in fairy tales… Amanita muscaria is also known as Fly Agaric.
The main contents occupy over 120 pages, offering an alphabetical list of fungi , each illustrated in colour, that presents the reader with their names, poison status, habitat, distribution, size, physical characteristics, edibility and more. This is followed by a glossary, bibliography and three indices, to the scientific, Afrikaans and common names of the entries.
Mushrooms of South Africa by Marieka Gryzenhout. 2nd ed. Published by Struik Nature Cape Town 2021.
Click here to read more about Struik Nature – https://www.penguinrandomhouse.co.za/struik-nature-club